Dr Santanu Kar

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Understanding ACL Surgery: Restoring Stability and Recovery

  • The ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) in the knee provides stability and can be injured during sports or high-impact activities.
  • ACL surgery, also known as ACL reconstruction, is a procedure to repair the torn ligament and restore knee stability.

Types of ACL Surgery:

  • Autograft: Your own tendon is used to replace the torn ACL.
  • Allograft: A tendon from a donor is used as a replacement.
  • Synthetic grafts: Artificial materials can also be used.

Preparing for ACL Surgery:

  • Medical evaluation: Your overall health is assessed to ensure surgery is safe.
  • Imaging tests: X-rays and MRI scans show the extent of the ACL injury.
  • Preoperative instructions: You'll receive specific guidelines for medication use and fasting before surgery.

The ACL Surgery Procedure:

  • Anesthesia: You'll be asleep and pain-free during the surgery.
  • Arthroscopic approach: Small incisions are made to insert a camera and instruments into the knee joint.
  • Graft placement: The torn ACL is removed and a new graft is positioned and secured in its place.

Postoperative Care and Recovery:

  • Hospital stays: Most ACL surgeries are done as outpatient procedures.
  • Pain management: Medications are given to manage pain during recovery.
  • Rehabilitation: Physical therapy is essential to regain knee strength and stability.
  • Return to activity: It may take 6 to 12 months to return to sports or physical activities.

Potential Complications and Risks:

  • Infection, blood clots, graft failure, limited motion, knee pain, or instability are possible, but rare.

Conclusion:

  • ACL surgery repairs the torn ligament and helps restore knee stability.
  • With proper preparation, surgery, and rehabilitation, you can regain strength and return to your desired activities.
  • Follow your healthcare team's guidance for the best recovery.